different types of hoist

Different Types of Hoist, Uses, Benefits, and Drawbacks

The hoist is basically a mechanism that moves a load up and down. Hoists are used on cranes to lift heavy loads. The load is carried up and down a track, a cable, or a hoisting line. They can be used for various types of material. They are also used for manufacturing purposes in factories. The most important part of an overhead crane is the hoist because it is the main device that lifts and lowers the load.

Hoists are used in many industrial applications, such as construction, mining, and manufacturing. They are also used in some types of machinery. The different types of hoists you choose will depend on the type of object you need to lift and the size of the object.

The most common types of the hoist are:

  • Hydraulic hoists use a hydraulic cylinder to lift and lower a load. Hydraulic hoists can lift up to a maximum of 25 tons.
  • Cable hoists use a cable attached to a pulley to raise and lower a load. Cable hoists can lift up to 100 tons.
  • Chain hoists use a chain to raise and lower a load. Chain hoists can lift up to 10 tons.

READ MORE: 6 Best 2-Ton Engine Hoists

The hoist is classified depending on its two main characteristics:

  1. Lifting medium
  2. Power source

The first part of a hoist definition is the lifting medium. The most common types of lifting mediums are wire rope, chain, and hydraulic. They are all used for a variety of different applications. The second part of the definition is the power source. There are many different kinds of power sources such as manual, hand-powered, electric-powered, and air-powered.

In this article, we’ll be discussing the definitions of different types of hoists and some of the advantages and disadvantages of using either type of lifting medium.

Wire Rope Hoists

A wire rope hoist is a machine that is used to lift or lower heavy objects. It uses a cable to lift or move heavy loads. It is also known as a wire rope hoist. Hoists are machines that use a rope to lift or move heavy loads. They are used in many different industries such as mining, construction, manufacturing, and forestry. Wire rope hoists are one of the most commonly used types of hoists. They are especially useful for lifting, lowering, and transferring heavy loads. They are easy to operate and they are also easy to maintain.

The most common applications of wire rope hoists are found in factories, warehouses, and construction sites. They are also used in many other industries such as oil and gas, shipping, transportation, and manufacturing.

Automatic Lift Electric Cable Hoist with Wireless Remote Control
Automatic Lift Electric Cable Hoist with Wireless Remote Control


The wire rope hoist is a simple device that is used to lift heavy objects, and it has a few advantages over other lifting devices.

  1. The first is that the wire rope hoist is much easier to use than a forklift. This is because it has two handles instead of four which makes it easier to move around.
  2. It also requires less training to operate than a forklift and it does not require a lot of space to store.
  3. Another advantage of the wire rope hoist is that it is very safe. This is because the load will only be lifted as high as the weight of the load can support and it will always return to its original position when the load is released.


The biggest drawback of the wire rope hoist is that it does not have a safety factor. This means that it can easily lift more than the weight it was designed to lift. The wire rope hoist is also expensive and difficult to repair.

Chain Hoists

Chain Hoists are popular choices for light-duty industrial applications under 5 tons. A chain hoist is a mechanical device used to raise or lower heavy loads. It is composed of two main components: a drive unit and a hoisting chain. The drive unit provides power to the hoisting chain. The hoisting chain is wound on a sprocket drum and it lifts the load. You can easily choose this type of equipment because it’s easy to use and maintain. However, some drawbacks of chain hoists are that they require maintenance and they can wear out quickly.

Round Chain Electric Hoist
Round Chain Electric Hoist


Chain hoists have several benefits, including:

  1. Reducing injuries in construction and manufacturing.
  2. The chain hoist is designed to move loads up to 100 pounds.
  3. It also helps reduce the risk of injury to workers when lifting heavy objects. This is because the worker is not lifting the weight by himself but is instead pulling on a chain attached to the object.
  4. This is safer than lifting the object by hand.
  5. Another benefit of the chain hoist is that it reduces the need for employees to use their upper body strength. Since they are not lifting the weight themselves, they are relying on their legs to do the work which means they are not using their arms, shoulders, or back muscles.


One drawback to chain hoists is that they can be a safety hazard if the chain breaks or the chain slips off the hook. The chain can also get caught on other objects. There is also a risk of injury if someone bumps into the machine.

Hydraulic hoist

The hydraulic hoist is used for lifting engines, cars, and heavy loads. It uses hydraulic cylinders to lift the weight. The hydraulic cylinder is operated by a pressurized fluid. The hydraulic cylinders can lift different types of weight such as engines, cars, trucks, heavy machinery, etc. Hoists are used for various purposes. You may find them at your garage, warehouse, or machine shop.

There are two main types of hydraulic hoists. These are hand-operated hoists and electrically operated hoists. The former is used for manual lifting jobs and the latter is used for electric lifting jobs.

Hydraulic Picker With hooks
Hydraulic Hoist With hooks


A hydraulic hoist is a useful tool that can be used to move large loads, including construction equipment, heavy machinery, and even vehicles.

The hydraulic hoist has several advantages including ease of use, versatility, reliability, and safety. It is easy to operate because it is all electronic. This makes it safe and reliable and, therefore, very popular with construction companies and manufacturers of heavy equipment.


There are two drawbacks to the hydraulic hoist. The first is that the hydraulic hoist is relatively expensive compared to other lifting options. The second is that it is not very energy efficient. A typical hydraulic hoist will use about 50% more electricity than a pneumatic one. However, this may not matter to you if you plan on using the hoist for only occasional use.

Manual/Hand-powered Crane Hoists

The best thing about a manual hoist is that it is small. That is why they are called “manual” because it is done by hand. When you use them to lift heavy items, the operator must lift the load using both hands.

The manual hoist design requires the user to be in close proximity to the machine while it is in operation. That means that an operator needs to be in close proximity to the machine so that he can inspect the machine, replace parts, and fix any issues that may arise.

One of the main advantages of manual hoists is that they are safe to use. They don’t have any moving parts that can get jammed or fail. In addition, they are easy to use. You can control them with your hands or feet.

Hand Chain Hoists

The hand chain hoist is a highly reliable load-hauling machine with a variety of applications. Ideal for construction, maintenance, automotive, and industrial applications, the hand chain hoist can be attached to a beam or trolley and utilizes a vertical pull to produce a vertical lift. It features a spark-resistant design and can be equipped with a choice of wheels, chains, and hooks. 

The hand chain hoist is an overhead crane used in industrial settings to lift loads of up to 50 tons. It is a heavy-duty, reliable, portable, and easy-to-use tool.

Manual Hand Chain Block Hoist
Manual Hand Chain Block Hoist


There are several benefits to using hand chain hoists, including the fact that they are extremely easy to use. Many people can operate a hand chain hoist in just a few minutes. There are no moving parts, which makes them much less likely to need repair. They are very versatile and can be used for many different types of lifting applications. They are also portable and can be moved from one job site to another.


The main drawback is that they are not very strong. So, they may not be able to lift heavy loads.

Lever Hoists or Ratchet Hoists

A lever hoist is a type of industrial hoist that is commonly used to move materials and equipment. A ratchet hoist is also a type of industrial hoist that is commonly used to move materials and equipment. Lever and ratchet hoists are ideal for construction sites, plant maintenance, and industrial applications. There are several types of lever and ratchet hoists. A typical capacity for a lever or ratchet hoist can range anywhere from 1/2-ton to 9-ton. The lever or ratchet hoist will have a maximum lifting capacity of around 50% of the weight of the load. There are many different types of levers and ratchets. Some levers and ratchets will have a swivel hook that allows the user to easily lift and position materials either horizontally or vertically.

Manual Lever Chain Hoist
Manual Lever Chain Hoist


The lever hoist is an extremely versatile piece of equipment that can be used for many different purposes. It can lift and lower loads using a simple hand-powered crank, or it can be operated by an electric motor. A lever hoist can be used to lift and lower loads of up to 1000 lbs. A ratchet hoist can be used to lift and lower loads of up to 4000 lbs. A lever hoist can be used to raise and lower loads of up to 2000 lbs.


Lever hoists and ratchet hoists are generally more expensive than other types of hoists. There are also several other limitations to these types of hoists. They are not as strong as some of the other types of hoists. They cannot lift as much weight. They are not as flexible and will not work in tight spaces. And, they are not as safe as some of the other types of hoists.

Hoist Types was well described on washingtoncrane.com

In conclusion, a Hoist (also known as a Lift) is a device that raises and lowers loads such as people, heavy equipment, or building materials. There are 3 different types of hoists: A Hand-operated Hoist, A Motorized Hoist, And A Powered Hoist. Each of these hoists has its pros and cons. The Hand-operated Hoist is the most simple to use and most affordable.

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